The Medical Association of Athens calls on the citizens to take precautions against the heat, especially if they belong to the vulnerable groups of the population.
When the ambient temperature exceeds the upper tolerable limits and in combination with some other factors (humidity, apnea, calm, prolonged low winds of one direction, etc.), conditions can be created that are not tolerated by the human body. The pathological conditions that arise can lead to serious complications and endanger the patient's life.
The most important development of the body's disorders from high temperatures is heatstroke, which occurs after prolonged exposure to the sun mainly in hot weather and is manifested by a sudden increase in body temperature (> 40-41οC), with redness and dryness of the skin. with intense thirst, confusing behavior, with body spasms and finally with loss of consciousness and coma. Especially people suffering from cardiovascular diseases and other diseases, such as diabetes, kidney failure, lung diseases, etc., belong to the particularly vulnerable population groups and should take appropriate measures during the summer months to avoid the above diseases.
Avoid sun exposure and stay in shaded and cool places. In case of forced exposure to the sun, a hat and dark glasses should be used. The garment should preferably consist of thin, spacious, light-colored, mainly cotton garments.
Avoid, as much as possible, physical fatigue and work during the hot hours of the day.
Drink plenty of cool water or natural juices. Avoid sugary, carbonated drinks.
Eat light, non-greasy, salty foods, broken down into small frequent meals. Avoid alcoholic beverages.
Frequent cool baths, placement of cold compresses.
Those on medication and especially those taking diuretics, sedatives, antihypertensives, antihistamines, B 'inhibitors, etc. medicines must be in constant contact with their treating physicians in order to receive appropriate instructions.
Also, those who suffer from diseases of the cardiovascular, central nervous and respiratory system, diabetics, kidney patients, alcoholics and those suffering from all kinds of serious diseases should be in constant contact with their doctors.
The residents of the center of Athens to limit their movements in the areas of the center that are distinguished by high air pollution and increased traffic. The permanent residents of the center of Athens are preferable to stay at home during the hot hours of the day.
Vulnerable populations (infants, preschoolers, the elderly, pregnant women, obese, etc.) should take precautions carefully and contact their doctor immediately if they experience a symptom that may be the result of weather conditions such as dizziness. headache, dizziness, drowsiness, behavioral disorders, nausea, vomiting, cramps, etc.
For more information and instructions for self-protection from high temperatures, citizens can visit the website of the General Secretariat for Civil Protection at www.civilprotection.gr and the website of the Ministry of Health: https://www.moh.gov.gr/ articles / health / dieythynsh-dhmosias-ygieinhs / metadotika-kai-mh-metadotika-noshmata / c388-egkyklioi / 7184-prolhpsh-twn-epiptwsewn-apo-thn-emfanish-ypshlwn-thermokrasiwn // ka: www.moh.gov.gr/articles/heaIth/agogiygeίas/596-Ρrostateytika-metra-gia-ton-kayswna
In addition, the General Secretariat for Civil Protection (www.civilprotection.gr) of the Ministry of Civil Protection has informed the relevant state services involved, as well as the regions and municipalities of the country, in order to be on increased alert for civil protection, in order to deal with direct effects from the prevalence of high temperatures.