The second day of the Forum "Greece 2040" took place yesterday, organized by the Committee "Greece 2021". The Forum presents the results of the studies carried out during a year:
* From the 16 Institutional Bodies of the country, representatives of productive sectors and social partners, for the presentation of their experience and the planning of the course towards 2040.
* From the 10 thematic working groups coordinated by members of the Plenary Session of the Committee "Greece 2021", with a focus on social, political and economic issues.
* From international personalities of recognized prestige in specific sectors, who present important aspects of the international landscape in which Greece will be called to move in the future.
The conclusions will be reflected in the "White Paper: Greece in 2040", which will be at the disposal of the political leadership, but also of every interested citizen.
Due to the pandemic, the Forum is done online, and anyone can watch the topic that concerns them, without any limit on the number of people who will go to the platform.
"New Innovative Ideas for Entrepreneurship Development"
The President of the Economic Chamber of Greece (AIF), Konstantinos Kollias, presenting the study "New Innovative Ideas for Entrepreneurship Development", conducted by the AIF, stressed that the government's goal should be to trigger a change in the economic model in our country , creating an environment that is more competitive and friendly for entrepreneurs, but at the same time more quality and efficient for citizens.
To achieve this, as Mr. Kollias stressed, new innovative ideas must be implemented, which aim to increase the added value of Greek companies. "Extroversion and innovation are two factors that can catalyze the restructuring of the Greek economy." he said
At the same time, Mr. Kollias focused on the challenges and opportunities that will be created by the financial technology sector (Fintech) in the financial professions and in general on the impact of technology on the financial sector that "… will completely transform the industry and the services provided and together the way people trade with each other. "
Finally, he underlined the enormous importance of the rapid adoption of management, environmental and social awareness standards (Environmental, Social, Governance, ESG) by small family businesses, which are the backbone of the Greek economy.
"Challenges and prospects of the Greek banking system in the period 2021-2040"
George Hantzinikolaou, former president of the Hellenic Banking Association (ETT), presented the ETT study entitled "Challenges and prospects of the Greek banking system in the period 2021-2040".
Greek banks are and will remain, as Mr. Hatzinikolaou stressed, the main pillar of financing and development of the Greek economy, with the ultimate goal of exploiting all the comparative advantages of the country and overcoming all timeless Greek weaknesses.
Regarding the next twenty years, the interest of Greek banks is in increasing productivity, in environmental and digital upgrading, in increasing exports and extroversion, and in supporting the National Recovery and Sustainability Plan "Greece 2.0".
At the same time, Mr. Hatzinikolaou stressed that banks today face multilevel challenges, as they are required to operate in a new and rapidly changing economic and social environment with increased competition, entry of new players in the market, obligation to comply with regulatory requirements, new subversive technologies customer expectations.
"To address the above challenges, banks undertake actions that revolve around 4 interdependent axes, the economy, society, human resources and extroversion," said Mr. Hatzinikolaou.
"For modern, sustainable, human cities"
Dimitris Papastergiou, mayor of Trikala, president of the Central Union of Greek Municipalities and member of the plenary committee "Greece 2021", presented the study entitled "For modern, sustainable, human cities".
In his speech, Mr. Papastergiou initially referred to the problems faced by the local government, citing as one of the top the confusion, often, of responsibilities between the central state, the decentralized administrations and the Regions. Mr. Papastergiou noted that reforms are needed immediately, so that any effort to start by zeroing the "counter" of 200 years.
Regarding what the local self-government of the immediate future should be like, Mr. Papastergiou stressed that it must, above all, have financial, administrative, developmental autonomy and autonomy in vision and planning. Speaking about how modern cities should be, he said that "above all, safe. "Cities protected from natural phenomena, of course as much as possible."
They must be "cities with infrastructure. Ready, built, able to withstand the needs of today and tomorrow ", cities that offer job opportunities for all types of professional qualifications and for all ages. Environmentally and man-friendly cities with large green spaces, even in their center, with playgrounds and sports facilities. Cities with sustainable mobility, redefining their relationship with the car.
Finally, modern cities "must be open and participatory, multicultural cities, free to accept everyone without discrimination and exclusion, with respect for the beliefs of each of us and cities that promote culture," concluded the president of KEDE.
"The engineer towards 2040 - Trends, forecasts, proposals"
The president of the Technical Chamber of Greece (TEE), George Stasinos, presented the study of the TEE entitled "The Engineer to 2040 - Trends, forecasts, proposals."
Analyzing the goals that Greece should have for the next 20 years, Mr. Stasinos stressed that significant incentives should be given for the scientists who had left to return to the country (brain drain), as this will significantly contribute to the country's progress. , through the new skills, know-how and extroversion they have.
To tackle climate change, Greece's goal in the coming decades must be sustainable growth and green energy, reducing carbon dioxide emissions, promoting clean energy, developing natural resources and a general shift towards cyclical economy.
The biggest change of the next 20 years, which will change everyone's life, is the artificial intelligence, stressed the president of the TEE, emphasizing that for this reason the investment in technology and innovation, the telecommunication revolution, as well as the general technocratic spirit, is an insurmountable need that every policy should go through.
The digitization of the public administration and the fight against bureaucracy should be the main goal of the State, Mr. Stasinos stressed, adding that courageous reforms should be made in key areas, such as education, the justice system and the tax system, in order to to make the ground more conducive to the implementation of innovative ideas.
"Greece and shipping on a common route"
Ioannis Trifyllis, member of the steering committee of the Hellenic Maritime Chamber (NEE), presented the NEE study entitled "Greece and shipping in a common direction".
Mr. Trifyllis initially underlined the strong ties of the Greeks with the sea, emphasizing that the Greek shipping and the seamanship of the Greeks have been throughout the centuries decisive factors for the development and prosperity of the Greek people, but also for the very existence of the country. as an independent and sovereign state.
He then presented the goals and visions of the NEE, which, as he characteristically said, "are an evolution of the inseparable relationship between nation and shipping"
These goals are:
* The renewal of launched and non-coastal ships of all categories in a decade, with new ships with reduced environmental footprint, in implementation of the decisions of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) on climate change, with the ultimate goal of eliminating from these ships.
* The transmission of the competitive model and extroversion that govern seafaring in other sectors of shipping and wider shipping economies, in order to maximize the benefits for the country.
* The adaptation to the modern conditions of naval education and the attraction of young people in the professions of the sea.
* Upgrading maritime tourism, port services and public sector operations.
* Cooperation with government and environmental agencies and animal welfare organizations for the protection of endangered marine species living in the Greek archipelago.
"For a strong Greece of social prosperity"
The president of the Athens Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Giannis Bratakos, presented the EVEA study entitled: "For a strong Greece of social prosperity".
The goal of EVEA's intervention is, according to its president, to contribute to the mapping of a clear path for Greece in the next 20 years. A course that will allow it to ensure conditions of prosperity and dignified living for all its citizens, as he stressed.
This course, Mr. Bratakos explained, must be guided by a new vision for the Greek economy. "The vision of an economy that achieves strong and sustainable growth, attracts long-term investors, produces high value-added products, and creates quality jobs. It allows small and medium-sized enterprises to grow and innovate and enables the strengthening of the middle class, "he said.
The goal of EVEA for 2040 is clear, stressed Mr. Bratakos, and is "a Greece that will innovate, process and export."
However, in order for the above to become a reality, according to the president of EVEA, Greece will need to radically change the model of economic development. "An investment leap is needed that will strengthen its productive base. Serious reinforcement of its processing arm is required. An increase in exports is required, at least to 30% of the country's GDP. "And all this can not be achieved only with subsidies," he noted.
"Greece 2040: Work as a pillar of prosperity and democracy"
The president of the General Confederation of Greek Workers (GSEE), Giannis Panagopoulos, presented the GSEE study entitled "Greece 2040: Work as a pillar of prosperity and democracy"
Mr. Panagopoulos stressed that the goal of development transformation and the creation of an economy that offers productive jobs and protection for all those who wish to work, as well as a sustainable increase in their income, is crucial for Greece in 2040.
At the same time, he noted that the unions propose a series of regulatory interventions to protect wages, working time, health and safety of workers, collective bargaining and collective bargaining. "Greece in 2040 must have achieved a substantial deepening of economic democracy," said Mr. Panagopoulos.
For his part, George Argetis, Scientific Director of the INE-GSEE Labor Institute, Professor of Economics at EKPA, stressed that Greece needs a bold agenda of new ideas, values and policies that will aim, on the one hand, to address the precarious and on the other hand to the utilization of the new technological revolution, for the improvement of the life of the citizens first of all.
"Civil society, environment and climate crisis - Findings and prospects"
Dr. Ekaterini Polymerou - Kamilaki, Emeritus Researcher, Chairman of the Handicrafts Committee of the Ministry of Development and member of the plenary session of the "Greece 2021" Committee presented the study entitled "Civil Society, Environment and Climate Crisis - Findings and Prospects".
Dr. Speaking about the climate crisis, Polymerou-Kamilaki stressed that "it is hopeful that in the anxious effort to save natural resources and save natural ecosystems, resorting to time-tested concepts and values emerges as a lifeline. The road to the implementation of the project is difficult and requires important decisions, as well as a strong commitment at a global level ".
He added that "modernity and innovation are linked, for the first time in the history of mankind, to trying to take a step back and make use of the principles and practices of the past. Because the much-discussed today and proposed modern concepts of 'circular economy', 'reuse-processing', 'recycling' and 'sustainable development' are as old as the organized human societies that survived, respecting the material and the effort of creation. new products ".
For the participation of civil society in the protection of the environment, Dr. Polymerou-Kamilaki noted that "local communities are emerging as better suited to design and implement the necessary actions to improve ecosystems, ecological rehabilitation, environmental justice, conservation, communication and support for walking / cycling," that change lives and mitigate climate change.
"Climate science requires long-term data on a number of issues that scientists alone cannot address, but to which a willing public can make a real contribution."
"Changing the trajectory of health in the coming decades and beyond"
Ms. Michelle Williams, Dean of the Harvard School of Public Health and Professor of the Angelopoulou Chair in Public Health and International Development, in her speech referred to the structural forces that will affect Greece and the world in the field of health and those that will we must act to ensure prosperity and progress.
Ms. Williams stressed that the climate crisis not only threatens the environment and the economy, but is also a public health crisis.
In particular, he noted that due to rising temperatures in the coming years, there will be catastrophic consequences for human well-being, not only directly, such as deaths associated with high fever, asthma, pregnancy complications and cardiovascular disease, but also through thousands of indirect ways. At the same time there will be scarcity, extinction of animals and plants, as well as lack of food.
According to Ms. Williams, curbing global warming is the most important thing we can do to protect health - both nationally and globally. That, he said, would require an unprecedented global commitment to rapidly moving away from fossil fuels over the next five years and removing huge amounts of existing carbon from the air.
"Prospects for the coming decades: Hopes and fears"
Martin Rees, Lord Landlow, Royal Astronomer of the United Kingdom and holder of a chair at the University of Cambridge, in his speech at the Forum "Greece 2040", stressed the interdependence of people and nations in the world in terms of the effects of technological development change in production mode, as well as the role of science in setting a new course for dealing with these effects.
"Science and innovation, a guide for the future"
Albert Burla, CEO of the pharmaceutical company Pfizer, in his speech at the Forum "Greece 2040", stressed that during the pandemic, science justified all those who had pinned their hopes on us to get out of this unprecedented healthcare, economic and social crisis.
The case of the pandemic vaccine is without a doubt a scientific miracle, said Mr. Bourlas, adding that "it also shows how we should move in the future: with vision, cooperation, insight and guided by science and innovation." .
At the same time, Mr. Bourla argued that there has never been a better time to be a scientist. "Major breakthroughs in biology, combined with the tremendous acceleration of digital technologies and data analytics, have prepared us for what I believe will be an unprecedented decade of medical breakthroughs, scientific and business innovations and social change."
But in order to see the results of the upcoming scientific renaissance in our lives, according to the CEO of Pfizer, we must take care of two things: "The first is all of us, companies, governments and citizens, to pay more attention and focus on environmental and social values. The second is to constantly make sure to give vision to young people. We can not plan, or even talk about the future of the homeland, without our young people ".