The judges therefore found Russia guilty of violating Article 2 of the European Convention on Human Rights, which guarantees the right to life, and Article 38, which obliges states to provide the European Court of Human Rights with all necessary information to the examination of a case.
Russia has been ordered to pay 100.000 euros for non-pecuniary damage to Alexander Litvinenko's widow, a particularly high amount for the Court.
The Russian judge of the Court expressed an "opposite view" regarding the violation of the right to life.
A former KGB agent and later FSB successor, Alexander Litvinenko has been ousted by Russian intelligence after he and other Russian intelligence agents denounced a plot by Russian intelligence to assassinate Russian oligarch Boris Berezovsky.
After receiving political asylum in the United Kingdom in 2001, Alexander Litvinenko worked as a journalist and British intelligence adviser, and in his books denounced the corruption of the Russian secret services and their links to organized crime. In particular, he accused the Russian secret services of organizing a series of bombings against apartments in Moscow in 1999 and other terrorist acts to create a climate that would bring Vladimir Putin to power, while accusing the Russian president of ordering the assassination of a journalist.
He died on November 23, 2006, after three weeks in hospital, and was hospitalized after accusing Vladimir Putin of assaulting him.
The British investigation, the findings of which were published in 2016, identified Dmitry Kovtov and Andrei Lugovoi as perpetrators of Litvinenko's assassination. Moscow has refused to extradite them.
Source: ΑΠΕ ΜΠΕ