The Revolution of 1821, the Struggle of the Greeks for the conquest of freedom and independence, is the most important milestone in our modern history, emphasizing the fundamental importance of the right of peoples to self-determination.
This year, the Anniversary of 200 years from the beginning of the great Greek Revolution, is a day of remembrance and pride for the heroic struggle of the Greeks against the Ottoman yoke.
It marks the starting point of the founding of the new Greek state, reminds everyone of the power of national unity and the solidarity of a people against all expectations, the achievement of the great, the one that in the eyes of the then modern world seemed impossible.
Athens 9.84, the station of the city, In the context of the celebration of the National Anniversary of the proclamation of the Greek Revolution of 1821, he has already included in his program special programs that research, remind and highlight memories, oral and recorded testimonies of that time. At the same time, it organizes and coordinates discussions focusing on the years of the Revolution and their connection with 2021.
On the day of the National Anniversary, at 8.00 am, Athens 9.84 and George Apostolidis They "travel" the listeners in the footsteps of the Revolution from Hydra, Chios and Messolonghi to the mountains of Arcadia.
With him, the Director of the National History Museum, Mrs. Maria Papanastasiou guides the listeners to the relics of the Fighters and the Ioannis Manos, Advisor to the National Bank and Coordinator of the "Initiative 1821-2021", presents the cooperation of fifteen Institutions.
Ο Professor of History of the Postwar World at the Department of History and Archeology of the Faculty of Philosophy of the University of Athens and member of the Committee "Greece 2021", Mr. Evanthis Hadjivassiliou investigates the next day for Greece and the Agathangelos Georgakatos with the choir "MAJON" presents the third unknown composition of the National Anthem by Nikolaos Mantzaros.
Evanthis Hadjivassiliou: "The vast majority of the Greek people know many things about the Revolution of 1821 and especially about its importance for the course of our people. In 1821, it begins as a pan-Balkan uprising. Alexandros Ypsilantis starts from Moldavia hoping to pull the Russians into the conflict but did not succeed.
Uprisings took place in many parts of Greece. We can think of these 200 years with satisfaction. Obviously, you have to set new goals to keep going, stay focused and ensure your social progress. If you get stuck, you run the risk of undoing even what you have won. Always at the forefront of progress, international affairs, and even technology is a key goal.
For the past 200 years we have achieved something gigantic, we have managed to integrate into the developed world. "Now we have to prove to others and to ourselves that we have the strength, not only to join but also to remain something that needs a constant effort and vigilance."
Also, the Costas Kontogiannis, member of the Executive Committee "Greece 2021" talks about the grid of actions and the Distinguished Professor of High Energy Physics and member of the Academy of Athens, Mr. Dimitris Nanopoulos refers to the Greece of the new era. "Actions will take place all over Greece, ideally in every city, during the year, dedicated to the 200 years since the Revolution of 1821 and we want these actions to leave a mark for tomorrow. Celebrate in a way that will leave a legacy.
We will promote Greeks, not necessarily widely known who, however, with their work left their mark on the History of Greece. This is one of the actions of the Commission with the name "Little and Big Heroes" that starts today through our site and includes the display on public screens, images and biographical data, 1000 historical figures who with their work left their mark in the modern history of Greece.
It will be shown in public places, at OSE stations, at airports all over Greece. We will "knock" on the door of Technopolis and we will cooperate with other contracted bodies to see where this promotion can take place.
Also, today the film "I know you from the face: 200 years of Greece", a contribution of the Commission Greece 2021 to the celebrations of 200 years based on archival, an imaginative narrative of the two centuries of modern Greece will be shown by ERT ".
The remaining program of Athens 9.84, on Thursday 25 March, regarding the tributes for the 200th Anniversary of the Revolution of 1821, is formulated as follows:
10:00 -12: 00: On her show Dominas Diamantopoulou, guests are:
The President of KEFIM, Alexandros Skouras, analyzing the results of the large nationwide poll of the Center for Liberal Studies - Markos Dragoumis "How do the Greeks see the Revolution of 1821" stressed: "from the findings of the research, this makes us happier and more encouraged is that Greek women and Greeks agree on national and religious character of the Revolution but increasingly associate it with the liberal and democratic ideas that inspired it. The Revolution of 1821 is a common place of reference that unites all Greeks. Regardless of demographic characteristics (gender, age), educational level, ideological position, political identity. The Greeks have a unified image of the character of the Revolution, which they consider mainly national, with high percentages recognizing its religious, liberal, and social characteristics. "
Theodora Loufa-Joannou, Author, former executive of the Department of International Relations at the Ministry of Education, Lifelong Learning and Religions, former Secretary General of the Organization of Children and Adolescent Libraries. He has written a series of books about the heroes of '21, through which children learn in the first person, experientially about the Greek Revolution
Dimitra Michou, Representative of the Cultural Department of the French Institute of Athens spoke about the online exhibition "For Greece from Love!", dedicated to the French philhellenes and the interest caused by the uprising of the Greeks in France and Europe and for the upcoming online Competition "Comics 1821".
"The Exhibition on the Greek Revolution of 1821 is held in collaboration with the National Library of France. Through this pioneering virtual exhibition, the French Institute of Greece begins a journey through time, looks back at all aspects of Greek-French relations and invites the public to rediscover, through the archives, the influence of the Greek Revolution throughout Europe. The exhibition is a meeting point of historical memories of battles and struggles, and new thematic fields, such as the position of women and the mobilization of the artistic world ".
In the context of the actions France - Greece: 200 years of Greek-French friendship and cooperation on the occasion of the celebrations of the 200th anniversary of the Greek Revolution of 1821, there is also a competition to create a French-language comic.
"Each user will be able to create their own page, use photographic material and narrate in their own way some events, to create a figure. With a few clicks one can, without having the necessary technical knowledge, create through this application, either sketches or a story that will consist of captions. The best creations will be posted on social networks and will receive the school award and the public award, which will be awarded by a jury, consisting of representatives of the National History Museum, the French Institute of Greece and a team of Greek experts. The award-winning creations will be exhibited at the French Institute of Greece. The application will be open from May 15 to November 15. "
12: 00-14: 00: On her show Alexandras Voudouri guests are:
Giannis Ioannou, journalist - "Kathimerini" of Cyprus. He presents a historical research he has done with the weapons of the Revolution through a special Twitter account entitled "GreekArms 2021".
Dimitris Christopoulos, Professor at the Department of Political Science & History of Panteion University speaks on the occasion of the event "Why we are interested in the Revolution of 1821".
"When something shines, it blinds and does not allow us to see all its nuances and this is something that happens par excellence with the Greek Revolution but also in every nation, in terms of its founding event. All nations, when they look at their past, are dazzled by the radiation they emit in their eyes. March 25th is a fictional tradition par excellence. In 1838, Othon, in an effort to unify what he undertook as a kingdom, decided to celebrate the day of the Annunciation of the Virgin Mary together with "Hail, oh joy, freedom". On March 25, 1821 in Kalavrita, nothing happened. The Revolution had already begun earlier in Kalamata and the rest of the Peloponnese.
It is not bad to know that on February 21, 1821, Ypsilantis addressed the first great proclamations of the Revolution to the Greek revolutionaries and thus set the "fire" which was "extinguished" in the Battle of Dragatsani.
An overwhelming majority of people know that our state was created by the London Protocol in 1830. I believe that as we mature, we should keep the truth, look at our past, try to learn from it, not embellish it as a whole of because that way we will become better.
Patriarch Gregory V was an opponent of the Revolution from the beginning. He was forced to take these positions in order not to lead the people to slaughter. Either way, the point is that the Revolution broke out when some other political, economic and cultural elites of the Greeks introduced its "weed" in Greece which quickly spread to the common people of Moria and Roumeli.
Let us look at the Revolution in the radical character of its constitutions. Constitutions are the moment when the nation shouts that it exists. "The Revolution is a collective subject that violently tries to take its fate into its own hands."
Petros Vamvakas, Associate Professor of Political Science at the Department of Political Science and International Studies, Emmanuel College, Boston. He talks about the Monroe Doctrine in American Foreign Policy, the Greek Revolution, and the importance of the lessons of the past in assessing contemporary geopolitical developments.
"We forget that Greece has been at the center of geopolitical situations for centuries. It is this space that connects three Continents and many times we say it but we do not understand it. Seeing both the Monroe Doctrine of 1823 and the Truman Doctrine in 1947, Greece, over the centuries, plays this role.
Geopolitics is much stronger than emotion. Many times we are left in the mood and wait. We have to take the lead and say what we want, not what we do not want. At the moment we are in a critical period but at the same time in a good moment for Hellenism.
That is, we have some confidence, we stand on our own two feet, something we have not had as Hellenism for centuries. "Beyond that, there is the issue of strategy in our genetic map."
Vassilis Korkidis, President of the Piraeus Chamber of Commerce and Industry (EBEP). He will speak on the occasion of his article in Naftemporiki about the contribution of Shipping and Trade in the Struggle of '21
14: 30-16: 00: On her show Aristeas Giannou guest is:
Stefanos Kavallierakis, Historian, Director of the Museum of the City of Athens - Vouros Eutaxia Foundation. He will talk about his book entitled "1814-1821: The preparation of a revolution" published by METAICHMIO
16: 00-18: 00: Jason Triantaphyllides
Chooses to present the work "Either death or Freedom" by Memoirs of General Makrygiannis, adapted by Elias Venezis, who also reads some excerpts.
Transmits the musical investment of Nikos Mamagakis on his word General Makrygiannis. Interpreted by Manos Katrakis.
The famous will be heard on the show "Gero-Municipality" from his opera Pavlou Carrer, “Markos Botsaris" by Michalis Vlachopoulos, in his recording 1927.
Also, the interpretation of "Hymn to Freedom ", of our National Anthem, of Nikolaou Mantzarou and Dionysiou Solomou, with the choir "Old Music Workshop" by Mars Garoufali Under his direction Byron Fidetzis. The work was recorded in 1988 and is the first time it has been recorded in its archetypal form.
Along with other older or newer documents, the folk song will be presented "Lagiarni" by Kostis Nikolaou in a recording of the early 20th century, o "Death of the Thief" by Manolis Kalomiris in a 1925 recording with Dimitris Krionas And much more.
20: 00-21: 00: Lilly Karatzaferis
Classical music works inspired by the Greek Games
21: 00-22: 00: 'Elena Chatziioannou
It hosts him Roderick Beaton, Honorary Professor at the Korai Chair of Contemporary Greek and Byzantine History, Language and Literature at King's College, University of London and Member of the Commission "Greece 2021"'- Author of the book "Biography of a Modern' Nation.
Rodrick Beaton: I try to write like a Greek. As if I have lived the events I narrate
The British Hellenist and member of the "Greece 2021" committee in an interview with Elena Hatziioannou, referred to his decision to write the book "Greece: Biography of a modern nation" unfolding its history from the 18th century until today, the contribution of philhellenism to Greek struggle for independence, but also in the case of ancestry, while he answered about the possibility of settling in our country
His entire conversation with Elena Hatziioannou will be broadcast at 9 pm, on March 25, on the frequency of the city station.
- Your book by Patakis Publications has already been published four times. Really, was it written to be read by an English-speaking audience or by Greeks?
"Like most of my books, this one is for the English-speaking public. However, I have the impression that in this case the paradox happened that most Greeks choose to read it in English. However, I do not know if the domestic readership needs such an effort.
The main reason for writing this was the ignorance on the part of many foreign actors about the Greek reality, especially during the ten-year crisis. "I also wanted an update and to enlighten this world."
- Is the gaze of a foreigner clearer when talking about the history of a Nation? And why the title "Greece: Biography of a modern nation"?
"I would not characterize the look of a stranger as purer or even more objective, because it cannot be. However, I believe that in any historiography, the role of the point of view is important, through which the narration is done and the story is written.
The fact that I am a stranger means that the side from which I perceive and narrate historical events is different from any other I might have had if I had been in a relationship with a locality.
I try to write like a Greek. It is as if I have lived in the environment and in the events that I narrate.
"I have a feeling that my own, different and oblique look may be interesting and offer something to the biographers themselves, illuminating different aspects of their identity."
- Why did you use the term biography?
Of course… I should note that many important publications on the history of Modern Hellenism are already in circulation, such as that of Messrs. Veremi-Kolliopoulos and Mr. Costas Kostis with the title "The spoiled children of History". Given this, I did not want to compare myself to these extremely interesting works and their authors, whom I particularly appreciate. Besides, because my scientific starting point is philological, I hesitated to characterize my own study as historical.
I preferred the term biography to distinguish it from existing historical studies, but also because it is cultural. In other words, it has references to music, literature, cinema, as well as to emblematic Greek figures, without recording exclusively historical events. I try to combine poetic analysis with historical events. I did the same thing in my books about Nobel Laureate George Seferis, as well as Lord Byron. "
- Tell us about the contribution of Lord Byron to the Greek struggle for independence.
"His contribution is twofold. With his death he became a symbol of Greek law, while his loss in Messolonghi in 1824, moved Europe and America.
He tragically sensitized the then civilized world against the struggle of the Greeks, opening the window for its internationalization, with the consequent naval battle of Navarino and the creation of an independent Greek state.
Another aspect of his contribution, Byron, concerns the internal fermentations in revolutionary Greece. After intensive research in Scotland, Britain and Greece, I found that during his short stay in Messolonghi, together with Alexandros Mavrokordatos, they guided the leadership of the Greek revolution in the direction of the internationalization of the struggle and the establishment of international relations with foreign in their practical support. "
- The great Hellenist among the many achievements of the Greek Revolution stands out the restoration and consolidation of the idea of the nation-state.
"It is enough to consider how much has changed in the historical course of Greece," he says. "Since it was only a neglected province of the vast Ottoman Empire, until today it is a member of the EU, integrated into other supranational institutions and alliances, based on the current, mature line of Greek foreign policy that insists on the principles of international law and internationally recognized institutions. "
- As for our relationship with our ancestors, he talks about ancestral plague and other demons, linking it to the way they are treated .. "The more you grieve over them, the more they haunt you. Anxiety is a Greek word.
'As Seferis had beautifully written… the asset of the ancient Greek heritage can be turned into a wound and an unbearable burden for the descendants.
However, it is good to remember that modern Greeks have many ancestors, perhaps not as famous as Pericles and Plato, but with a remarkable contribution as well. Like some emperors of Byzantium from Asia Minor. "
- Asked about his participation in the "Greece 2021" Commission, He spoke of "an important process and experience, but also a privilege that would rightfully belong only to Greeks", explaining that "the 40-member Plenary Assembly includes three foreigners, all British."
Finally, Rodrick Beaton left open the possibility of his permanent establishment in our country, after Brexit, saying that he often visits Greece since the early 60's, while he announced that the theme of his next book has to do with Greece.
26 2021 MANUFACTURING XNUMX
13.00-14.00, will be broadcast This makes it a perfect choice for people with diabetes and for those who want to lose weight or follow a balanced diet. first of the ten special hourly tributes of Athens 9.84 for the 200th Anniversary of the Revolution of 1821. Through the ten broadcasts, issues are raised on the table that connect those days with what we live and experience today.
These shows will host historians, academics, politicians and people of culture who illuminate, each in their own way selected topics.
The care of these thematic shows as well as the selection of the guests is Sofia Karymbali-Kyriazi, Dr. History of EKPA and philologist.
Coordinated by journalist George Apostolidis.
On our first hourly tribute, this Friday, the following will be discussed topics:
- H Friendly Society and its contribution to the ideological preparation of the Struggle
- THE Philhellenism
- The moral and material contribution of the Clergy - His participation in military operations
Sofia Karymbali, Dr. History of EKPA and Philologist
Irini Artemi, Teaches at EAP and the Jewish University
The Rector of EKPA Mr. Thanasis Dimopoulos, refers to the Greek Revolution, the Age of Revolutions (1776-1848)
We remind you that already from 1i March and on a daily basis (on 10: 58 and 17: 58) are transmitted one minute with subject matter highlighting the days of the Revolution with sources from oral testimonies, texts, biographies but also historical studies. Through these 200 short shows, topics are presented from the folk song to the Janissaries and from the Arvanites to the revolutionary movements, Moria and the child mass.
The special inserts are curated by the teacher Pavlos Koutouzis.
They are uttered by journalist Anna Basta.
Especially for Thursday 25 March, The historical one minutes of Athens 9.84 will be broadcast every hour, immediately after the station's news bulletins, from 8 am to 10 pm.
It is recalled that in website of the station the special section has been created "In 1821 otherwise»In which are posted the one-minute minutes, the tributes and the monthly discussions but also everything else concerning the 200 years since the Revolution.
Finally, the Athens 9.84 owes one a big thank you" to the painter Christos Bokoro and to the collector Sotiri Felio for the courtesy of the project "Going Out»* which, throughout the year, will accompany our tribute "In 1821 otherwise".
(*Going Out, 2006, oil paints and printed paper on cloth and wood, 90 x 90 cm., Sotiris Felios Collection).